Field studies were conducted near Sparr, FL, in 2001 and 2002 to evaluate the response of ‘Valencia 102’ grown for the green peanut market (or boiling peanut) to preemergence (PRE) and postemergence (POST) applications of herbicides registered for dry peanut production (roasted market). Green peanut exhibited excellent tolerance to most PRE and POST treatments. There was minimal injury (8%) from flumioxazin applications when evaluated early season in both years, and peanut quickly recovered. Norflurazon caused chlorosis to peanut foliage (23%) in both years. Yield reduction was observed in 2001 for flumioxazin (15%), metolachlor (20%), and norflurazon (41%) compared with the untreated control. However, there were no yield reductions for any of the PRE treatments in 2002. Bentazon paraquat early postemergence (EPOST) followed by (fb) 2,4-DB POST, bentazon paraquat EPOST fb clethodim POST, and imazapic EPOST caused ≤5% injury and had no effect on yield in either year.
Nomenclature: Bentazon; clethodim; 2,4-DB; flumioxazin; imazapic; metolachlor; norflurazon; paraquat; peanut, Arachis hypogaea L. ‘Valencia 102’.
Additional index words: Herbicide injury, chlorimuron, diclosulam, dry peanut, ethalfluralin, fluazifop, green peanut, imazethapyr, pryridate, sethoxydim.
Abbreviations: DAP, days after planting; EPOST, early postemergence; fb, followed by; POST, post-emergence; PRE, preemergence; WAE, weeks after emergence.