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1 July 2009 Weed Control and Crop Response to Glufosinate Applied to ‘PHY 485 WRF’ Cotton
A. Stanley Culpepper, Alan C. York, Phillip Roberts, Jared R. Whitaker
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Field experiments were conducted in Georgia to evaluate weed control and crop tolerance with glufosinate applied to ‘PHY 485 WRF®’ cotton. This glyphosate-resistant cotton also contains a gene, used as a selectable marker, for glufosinate resistance. Three experiments were maintained weed-free and focused on crop tolerance; a fourth experiment focused on control of pitted morningglory and glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth. In two experiments, PHY 485 WRF cotton was visibly injured 15 and 20% or less by glufosinate ammonium salt at 430 and 860 g ae/ha, respectively, applied POST two or three times. In a third experiment, glufosinate at 550 g/ha injured cotton up to 36%. Pyrithiobac or glyphosate mixed with glufosinate did not increase injury compared to glufosinate applied alone; S-metolachlor mixed with glufosinate increased injury by six to seven percentage points. Cotton injury was not detectable 14 to 21 d after glufosinate application, and cotton yields were not reduced by glufosinate or glufosinate mixtures. A program of pendimethalin PRE, glyphosate applied POST twice, and diuron plus MSMA POST-directed controlled glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth only 17% late in the season. S-metolachlor included with the initial glyphosate application did not increase control, and pyrithiobac increased late-season control by only 13 percentage points. Palmer amaranth was controlled 90% or more when glufosinate replaced glyphosate in the aforementioned system. Pitted morningglory was controlled 99% by all glufosinate programs and mixtures of glyphosate plus pyrithiobac. Seed cotton yields with glufosinate-based systems were at least 3.3 times greater than yields with glyphosate-based systems because of differences in control of glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth.

Nomenclature: Diuron; glufosinate; glyphosate; MSMA; pendimethalin; pyrithiobac sodium; S-metolachlor; Palmer amaranth, Amaranthus palmeri S. Wats AMAPA; pitted morningglory, Ipomoea lacunosa L. IPOLA; cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L.

A. Stanley Culpepper, Alan C. York, Phillip Roberts, and Jared R. Whitaker "Weed Control and Crop Response to Glufosinate Applied to ‘PHY 485 WRF’ Cotton," Weed Technology 23(3), 356-362, (1 July 2009).
Received: 23 November 2008; Accepted: 1 April 2009; Published: 1 July 2009
Crop injury
crop tolerance
glyphosate-resistant weeds
herbicide-resistant cotton
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