1 June 2018 Evaluation of Postemergence-Directed Herbicides for Purple Nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus) Control in Fresh-Market Tomato
Nathan S. Boyd, Peter Dittmar
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Purple nutsedge is difficult to control in vegetable plasticulture due to its ability to penetrate the plastic mulch. Experiments were conducted in Spring 2011 and 2012 at the Plant Science Research and Education Center in Citra, Florida, and in Spring and Fall 2013 at the Gulf Coast Research and Education Center in Balm, Florida. The objective was to determine tomato (cv. Amelia, Charger, and Florida 47) tolerance and purple nutsedge response to herbicides and herbicide tank-mixes applied POST-directed to base of tomato. Chlorimuron-ethyl, flazasulfuron, fomesafen, halosulfuron, imazosulfuron, rimsulfuron, nicosulfuron, and trifloxysulfuron applied POST-directed to the base of the crop did not cause crop damage. Halosulfuron or tank-mixes that contained halosulfuron tended to provide the greatest nutsedge suppression in all experiments. Halosulfuron or nicosulfuron rimsulfuron applications when tomato (cv. Charger) were flowering reduced marketable yields by 22-28% compared to the nontreated control. No yield reductions occurred with Florida 47 or Amelia cultivars. Flazasulfuron provided similar purple nutsedge suppression to halosulfuron and did not damage tomato. Tank-mixes that contained halosulfuron tended not to provide any added benefit over halosulfuron alone. This research identified herbicides that are safe for use as a POST-directed application in tomato. Additional research is needed to evaluate efficacy of these herbicides on broadleaf weeds.

Nomenclature: Chlorimuron; flazasulfuron; fomesafen; halosulfuron; imazosulfuron; nicosulfuron; rimsulfuron; trifloxysulfuron; purple nutsedge, Cyperus rotundus L.; tomato, Solanum lycopersicum L.

© Weed Science Society of America, 2018.
Nathan S. Boyd and Peter Dittmar "Evaluation of Postemergence-Directed Herbicides for Purple Nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus) Control in Fresh-Market Tomato," Weed Technology 32(3), 260-266, (1 June 2018). https://doi.org/10.1017/wet.2018.10
Received: 19 July 2017; Accepted: 1 January 2018; Published: 1 June 2018
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