During 2016 and 2017, four field experiments were conducted at Huron Research Station near Exeter, ON, to evaluate the sensitivity of dry bean grown under a strip-tillage cropping system, to potential herbicides for the control of glyphosate-resistant (GR) horseweed. At 8 wk after emergence (WAE), saflufenacil, metribuzin, saflufenacil + metribuzin, 2,4-D ester, flumetsulam, cloransulam-methyl, and chlorimuron-ethyl caused 13% to 32%, 8% to 52%, 32% to 53%, 5% to 7%, 13% to 21%, 16% to 29%, and 23% to 43% visible injury in dry beans, respectively. Saflufenacil decreased aboveground biomass 65% in kidney bean and 80% in white bean. Metribuzin decreased biomass 82% in kidney bean and 50% in white bean. Saflufenacil + metribuzin decreased biomass 88% in kidney bean, 68% in small red bean, and 80% in white bean. Chlorimuron-ethyl decreased biomass 40% in white bean. There was no decrease in dry bean biomass with the other herbicides evaluated. Metribuzin and saflufenacil + metribuzin reduced kidney bean seed yield 72% and 76%, respectively. Saflufenacil + metribuzin, flumetsulam, cloransulam-methyl, and chlorimuron-ethyl reduced small red bean seed yield 39%, 27%, 30%, and 54%, respectively. Saflufenacil, metribuzin, saflufenacil + metribuzin, flumetsulam, cloransulam-methyl, and chlorimuron-ethyl reduced seed yield of white bean 52%, 32%, 62%, 33%, 42%, and 62%, respectively. There was no decrease in dry bean yield with the other herbicides evaluated. Among herbicides evaluated, 2,4-D ester caused the least crop injury with no effect in dry bean seed yield.
Nomenclature: 2,4-D ester, chlorimuron-ethyl; cloransulammethyl; flumetsulam, metribuzin; saflufenacil; horseweed, Conyza canadensis L.; dry bean, Phaseolus vulgaris L.; soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr.