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18 November 2019 Herbicide selection to terminate grass, legume, and brassica cover crop species
Kara B. Pittman, Charles W. Cahoon, Kevin W. Bamber, Lucas S. Rector, Michael L. Flessner
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Cover crops provide a number of agronomic benefits, including weed suppression, which is important as cases of herbicide resistance continue to rise. To effectively suppress weeds, high cover crop biomass is needed, which necessitates later termination timing. Cover crop termination is important to mitigate potential planting issues and prevent surviving cover crop competition with cash crops. Field studies were conducted in Virginia to determine the most effective herbicide options alone or combined with glyphosate or paraquat to terminate a range of cover crop species. Results revealed that grass cover crop species were controlled (94% to 98%) by glyphosate alone 4 wk after application (WAA). Overall, legume species varied in response to the single active-ingredient treatments, and control increased with the addition of glyphosate or paraquat. Mixes with glyphosate provided better control of crimson clover and hairy vetch by 7% to 8% compared with mixes containing paraquat 4 WAA. Mix partner did not influence control of Austrian winter pea. No treatment adequately controlled rapeseed in this study, with a maximum of 58% control observed with single active-ingredient treatments and 62% control with mixes. Height reduction for all cover crop species supports visible rating data. Rapeseed should be terminated when smaller, which could negate weed suppressive benefits from this cover crop species. Growers should consider herbicide selection and termination timing in their cover crop plan to ensure effective termination.

Nomenclature: Glyphosate; paraquat; crimson clover, Trifolium incarnatum L.; hairy vetch, Vicia villosa Roth; Austrian winter pea, Pisum sativum L. ssp. sativum var. arvense; rapeseed, Brassica napus L.

© Weed Science Society of America, 2019.
Kara B. Pittman, Charles W. Cahoon, Kevin W. Bamber, Lucas S. Rector, and Michael L. Flessner "Herbicide selection to terminate grass, legume, and brassica cover crop species," Weed Technology 34(1), 48-54, (18 November 2019).
Received: 3 July 2019; Accepted: 8 October 2019; Published: 18 November 2019
annual ryegrass
cereal grains
cereal rye
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