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2 June 2023 Efficacy of herbicides for selective control of an invasive liana, old man's beard (Clematis vitalba)
Brenda Jarvis-Lowry, Kerry C. Harrington, Hossein Ghanizadeh, Alastair W. Robertson
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Old man's beard is a woody liana that has become an invasive weed in many areas of its introduction, through its vigorous spread and negative impacts on the tree hosts it climbs. Control techniques that improve precision and reduce non-target damage are increasingly preferred for weed control yet have not been compared in published research for use against old man's beard. Field experiments in New Zealand were conducted to: (i) assess targeted herbicide techniques for control of this weed's climbing stems when growing among trees and (ii) assess foliar herbicides for control of creeping stems in ruderal sites. For climbing stems, triclopyr in oil was applied around the circumference of woody stems near their base, which was compared with cutting the stems and applying concentrated glyphosate gel (45% ai) to each cut end. Herbicides were applied in autumn directly to individual stem bases of the weed, thereby protecting tree hosts and other non-target vegetation. The basal application of triclopyr to intact stems was highly effective (>95% mortality) with no damage to nearby trees noted. The glyphosate gel applications to cut stems were less effective (56% mortality by 2 yr after treatment). For creeping stems in grass-dominated ruderal sites, selective foliar herbicide sprays had not been previously juxtaposed to compare control of old man's beard. Three selective sprays that do not damage existing grass cover were applied in autumn at their recommended rates: (i) metsulfuron; (ii) triclopyr; and (iii) a mixture of triclopyr, picloram, and aminopyralid. All herbicide treatments provided effective control, although metsulfuron had a negative effect on grass vigor, which might allow new establishment of old man's beard seedlings by competitive release. These results provide effective options that reduce non-target damage for control of both climbing and creeping old man's beard stems.

Nomenclature: Aminopyralid; glyphosate; metsulfuron-methyl; picloram; triclopyr butoxyethyl ester; old man's beard, Clematis vitalba L.

Brenda Jarvis-Lowry, Kerry C. Harrington, Hossein Ghanizadeh, and Alastair W. Robertson "Efficacy of herbicides for selective control of an invasive liana, old man's beard (Clematis vitalba)," Weed Technology 37(3), 313-322, (2 June 2023).
Received: 5 April 2023; Accepted: 25 May 2023; Published: 2 June 2023
Basal-bark method
cut-stem method
weed management
woody invasive species
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