In recent years, the Canadian federal government and several provincial governments have issued policies requiring compensatory mitigation (compensation) for unavoidable wetland loss. Canada's approach to compensation has been criticized for lacking guidelines, resulting in reduced transparency, unpredictability, and a lack of consistency. We solicited opinions and then synthesized regional expertise in Atlantic Canada through a Delphi process, established five guiding principles for compensation, and summarized opinion on compensation mechanisms. The five principles underscore the importance of 1) replacing wetland functions at a watershed scale, 2) predictability and transparency in the compensation process, 3) approaching compensation in a manner that is practical for responsible agencies and proponents, 4) assuring that proponents bear the full cost of compensation, and 5) iterative learning to improve compensation. Through the Delphi exercise, we found a preference for restoration, enhancement, and creation as compensation mechanisms, and limited support for mitigation banking. Our findings provide a solid foundation for the development of wetland compensation guidelines in Atlantic Canada and elsewhere.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 28 • No. 3