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1 September 2009 Evaluation of Permit Success in Wetland Mitigation Banking: A Florida Case Study
Kelly Chinners Reiss, Erica Hernandez, Mark T. Brown
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Abstract

With the recent Final Compensatory Mitigation Rule by the US Army Corps of Engineers and US Environmental Protection Agency, wetland mitigation banking has been designated as the preferred means of compensatory mitigation after avoidance and minimization of wetland impacts. Permits and supporting documents were reviewed and site visits conducted at 29 Florida wetland mitigation banks to assess their permit-based success. Just over half of the banks included three or more ecological criteria in permit success requirements. Release of a majority of potential credits (60–75%) was strongly based on completion of activities (e.g. conservation easement, financial assurance, ditch filling). A review of bank compliance suggested that over 40% of banks had reached final success criteria or were clearly trending towards success, but that 17% of the banks were not trending towards success. Most banks were deemed successful according to permit criteria and compliance considerations, although permit criteria were not explicitly tied to ecological considerations. While permit success criteria may have been met, it was unclear what level of functional performance wetland mitigation banks provided.

Kelly Chinners Reiss, Erica Hernandez, and Mark T. Brown "Evaluation of Permit Success in Wetland Mitigation Banking: A Florida Case Study," Wetlands 29(3), 907-918, (1 September 2009). https://doi.org/10.1672/08-148.1
Received: 23 June 2008; Accepted: 1 April 2009; Published: 1 September 2009
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KEYWORDS
Compliance
ecological criteria
functional performance
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