Two new species of Araceae from South America are described and illustrated. The one is Anthurium ensifolium from Bahia, eastern Brazil, which is tentatively placed in A. sect. Urospadix subsect. Obscureviridia. It seems close to A. cleistanthum, a poorly known species from Espírito Santo, Brazil, and also resembles A. erskinei from Bahia. The other is Gorgonidium bulbostylum from Andean Bolivia, which differs from all other species of the genus by the unusual aspect of the style that has an inflated, more or less ovoid apical portion. The stigma is also peculiar in being globose and conspicuously lobed, with lobes upwardly directed.
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