How animals adaptively respond to a cold or hot environment has been questioned for a long time. Recently, with the aid of microarray analysis, various temperature-sensitive genes have been identified in several species. However, a definitive hypothesis regarding the mechanism of adaptation has not been proposed. In the present study, we surveyed, in medaka (Oryzias latipes), genes for which the level of expression changes depending on the surrounding temperature. A messenger RNA differential display of medaka muscle total RNA revealed one such gene encoding transcription enhancer factor-1 (TEF-1). In medaka muscle, the TEF-1 gene produces two splicing variants, TEF-1A and TEF-1B mRNAs. During cold acclimation, the mRNA level of TEF-1A decreased, whereas that of TEF-1B increased. We also found that three putative downstream genes of TEF-1, two for myosin heavy chain (MyHC) and one for troponin T (TnT), a specific group of muscle proteins, were transcribed in a temperature-dependent manner. These results suggest that the transcription of MyHC and/or TnT is regulated by TEF-1 and that these molecules participate in muscle reconstruction during temperature adaptation in fish.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.