The aim of this study was to illustrate the phenotypic modification of mitochondrion-rich (MR) cells and Na /K -ATPase (NKA) responses, including relative protein abundance, specific activity, and immunolocalization in gills of euryhaline tilapia exposed to deionized water (DW) for one week. The plasma osmolality was not significantly different between tilapia of the local fresh water (LFW) group and DW group. Remodeling of MR cells occurred in DW-exposed fish. After transfer to DW for one week, the relative percentage of subtype-I (wavy-convex) MR cells with apical size ranging from 3 to 9 μm increased and eventually became the dominant MR cell subtype. In DW tilapia gills, relative percentages of lamellar NKA immunoreactive (NKIR) cells among total NKIR cells increased to 29% and led to significant increases in the number of NKIR cells. In addition, the relative protein abundance and specific activity of NKA were significantly higher in gills of the DW-exposed fish. Our study concluded that tilapia require the development of subtype-I MR cells, the presence of lamellar NKIR cells, and enhancement of NKA protein abundance and activity in gills to deal with the challenge of an ion-deficient environment.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.