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3 November 2021 Sex-Inducing Activities of the Land Planarian Bipalium nobile Extract Fractions, Obtained Using Bioassay-Guided Fractionation, in the Freshwater Planarian Dugesia ryukyuensis
Makoto Kitamura, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Yurie Horiguchi, Sayaka Manta, Ikuma Saito, Hisashi Iwaya, Hikaru Okamoto, Nanna Nagao, Yumi Yanagihara, Yu Taguchi, Rei Tezuka, Takanobu Maezawa, Kiyono Sekii, Kazuya Kobayashi
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Abstract

Sexually mature planarians produce sex-inducing substances that induce postembryonic development of hermaphroditic reproductive organs in asexual freshwater planarians. Although the sex-inducing substances may be useful for elucidating the mechanism underlying this reproductive switch, the available information is limited. The potency of sex-inducing activity is conserved, at least at the order level. Recently, we showed that the sex-inducing activity in the land planarian Bipalium nobile was much higher than that in freshwater planarians. In the present study, we performed bioassay-guided fractionation of the sex-inducing substances produced by B. nobile and propose that crucial sex-inducing activity that triggers complete sexualization for asexual worms of the freshwater planarian Dugesia ryukyuensis is produced by additive and/or synergetic effects of various sex-inducing substances involved in ovarian development. The current study provided an isolation scheme for the minimum-required combination of sex-inducing substances for producing crucial sex-inducing activity.

© 2021 Zoological Society of Japan
Makoto Kitamura, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Yurie Horiguchi, Sayaka Manta, Ikuma Saito, Hisashi Iwaya, Hikaru Okamoto, Nanna Nagao, Yumi Yanagihara, Yu Taguchi, Rei Tezuka, Takanobu Maezawa, Kiyono Sekii, and Kazuya Kobayashi "Sex-Inducing Activities of the Land Planarian Bipalium nobile Extract Fractions, Obtained Using Bioassay-Guided Fractionation, in the Freshwater Planarian Dugesia ryukyuensis," Zoological Science 38(6), 544-557, (3 November 2021). https://doi.org/10.2108/zs210029
Received: 30 March 2021; Accepted: 16 August 2021; Published: 3 November 2021
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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