Mountain Research and Development (MRD) (ISSN 0276-4741, online ISSN 1994-7151) is published by the International Mountain Society (IMS), c/o Centre for Development and Environment, Institute of Geography, University of Bern, Hallerstrasse 10, 3012 Bern, Switzerland.

Institutional Members of the International Mountain Society (IMS)

SDC, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, Bern

ICIMOD, International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Kathmandu

FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome

CIP–CONDESAN, Consortium for the Sustainable Development of the Andean Ecoregion, Lima

CDE, Centre for Development and Environment, Bern

MRI, Mountain Research Initiative

WWF International

UCA, University of Central Asia, Bishkek

MRD collaborates with Mountain Forum (MF) and The Mountain Partnership (MP) to further the cause of mountains on the international development and research agendas.

Editorial Office

Hans Hurni, Editor-in-Chief

Theodore Wachs, Managing Editor

Susanne Wymann von Dach, Associate Editor

Anne Zimmermann, Associate Editor

Marlène Thibault, Assistant Editor

Lindsey Buscher, Production Editor

Jack D. Ives, Founding Editor

Regional Editors

Martin Price, Editor, MountainMedia and Regional Editor, Europe

Eklabya Sharma, Regional Editor, Asia

Fausto Sarmiento, Regional Editor, Latin America

Salomé Misana, Regional Editor, Africa

Alton Byers, Regional Editor, North America

International Editorial Advisory Board

Bina Agarwal (India), Yuri P. Badenkov (Russia), Roger G. Barry (USA), Gerardo Budowski (Costa Rica), Alejandro Camino (Peru), José M. García-Ruiz (Spain), Gregory B. Greenwood (Switzerland), Biksham Gujja (Switzerland), Lawrence S. Hamilton (USA), Thomas Hofer (Italy), Kebede Tato (Zambia), Thomas Kohler (Switzerland), Hermann Kreutzmann (Germany), Daniel Maselli (Switzerland), Mesfin Wolde-Mariam (Ethiopia), Bruno Messerli (Switzerland), Marcus Nüsser (Germany), D. Jane Pratt (USA), Robert E. Rhoades (USA), Andreas Schild (Nepal), Hans Schreier (Canada), Christoph Stadel (Austria), Michael Stocking (UK), Teiji Watanabe (Japan).

Publication Policy

Mountain Research and Development is published quarterly by the International Mountain Society and is freely available online and open access in collaboration with BioOne ( The journal is subject to the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( Ownership of the copyright to articles is retained by the authors, but anyone may download, reuse, reprint, modify, distribute and/or copy articles in MRD provided that the original authors and source are cited. Permission for commercial use must be obtained from the author. For any reuse or redistribution of a work, the license terms under which the work was published must be made clear.

Print Version

The MRD Editorial Office supplies print-ready PDF files of individual articles or entire issues including covers for de-localized printing to Institutional Members of the IMS upon request. Authors and readers may produce their own printouts from the downloadable PDFs available at, or contact for professional reprints of articles.


MRD is indexed in the Science Citation Index, Current Contents/ Agriculture, Biology and Environmental Sciences, Geo Abstracts, C.A.B. International Series Checklist, AGRICOLA databases, Meteorological and Geoastrophysical Abstracts (MGA), CABS (Current Awareness in Biological Sciences), and others. MRD is also listed in the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ).


Please address correspondence to:

MRD Editorial Office

Centre for Development and Environment

Institute of Geography, University of Bern

Hallerstrasse 10

3012 Bern, Switzerland



Please note that all papers must now be submitted online.


Please send material for “MountainMedia” to:

Martin Price

Director, Centre for Mountain Studies

Perth College, UHI Millennium Institute

Crieff Road, Perth PH1 2NX, UK

Fax +44(0)1738-877 018


Back Issues

MRD is now published online and open access in collaboration with BioOne. All back issues of MRD from 2000 onwards are available free of charge through BioOne; previous issues (1981–2000) are available online through JSTOR ( and single articles may be purchased there.

For single hardcopy issue sales from Volume 20 through Volume 28, please contact

© Copyright (2008) by the International Mountain Society (IMS) for the journal

© 2010 by the authors for the individual articles

"Publisher Information," Mountain Research and Development 30(1), 2, (1 February 2010).
Published: 1 February 2010
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