VOL. 49 · NO. 4 | December 2005
 
IN THIS ISSUE

Obituary (2)
Avian Diseases
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Obituary
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Invited Minireview
49(4), (1 December 2005) https://doi.org/10.1637/7420-081005R.1
KEYWORDS: histomonas, flagellate, poultry, epidemiology, chemotherapy, control, FDA = Food and Drug Administration, GLDH = glutamate dehydrogenase, GOT = aspartic aminotransferase, HBSS = Hanks balanced saline, H&E = hematoxylin and eosin, LDH = lactate dehydrogenase, MDH = malate dehydrogenase, NADH = nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, PAS = periodic acid-Schiff, PCR = polymerase chain reaction
Regular Articles
49(4), (1 December 2005) https://doi.org/10.1637/7357-031605R.1
KEYWORDS: avian influenza, immunoassays, Directigen Flu A, QuickVue, Zstat Flu, Flu OIA, NOW FLU A, AGID = agar gel immunodiffusion, AIV = avian influenza virus, AMPV1 = avian paramyxovirus 1, CAF = chorioallantoic fluid, CEL = chicken embryo liver, ECE = embryonating chicken eggs, ELD50 = mean embryo lethal dose, Gp = Group, HA = hemagglutination, IBV = infectious bronchitis virus, ILTV = infectious laryngotracheitis virus, VTM = virus transport medium, VI = virus isolation
49(4), (1 December 2005) https://doi.org/10.1637/7358-031805R.1
KEYWORDS: chicken anemia, broiler, pathology, ANOVA = analysis of variance, CAV = chicken anemia virus, CL/P = cortical lymphocyte area to total parenchyma area, CTL = cytotoxic T-lymphocyte, DPI = days postinfection, ELISA = enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, FRET = fluorescence resonance energy transfer, IBDV = infectious bursal disease virus, MD = Marek's disease, MHC = major histocompatibility complex, NK = natural killer, PCR = polymerase chain reaction, qPCR = quantitative polymerase chain reaction, SPF = specific pathogen free
49(4), (1 December 2005) https://doi.org/10.1637/7321-010405R1.1
KEYWORDS: avian influenza virus (AIV), nonstructural protein (NS1), antibody, ELISA, AI = avian influenza, AIV = avian influenza virus, bp = base pairs, BSA = bovine serum albumin, ECE = embryonated chicken eggs, ELISA = enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, FAV = fowl adenovirus, HEPA = high-efficiency particulate air, HI = hemagglutinin-inhibition, HPAI = high pathogenicity AI, HRP = horseradish peroxidase, IB = infectious bronchitis, IBD = infectious bursal disease, ILT = infectious laryngotracheitis, IPTG = isopropyl-β-D-galactopyranoside, LPAI = low pathogenicity AI, MD = Marek's disease, NS1 = nonstructural protein, ND = Newcastle disease, NI = neuraminidase-inhibition, OD = optical density, RDE = receptor-destroying enzyme, RT-PCR = reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, SPF = specific-pathogen-free, TBS = Tris-buffered saline
49(4), (1 December 2005) https://doi.org/10.1637/7202-050304R.1
KEYWORDS: IBV, Colombia, variants, S1 gene, RT-PCR, cycle sequencing, HVR = hypervariable region, IB = infectious bronchitis, IBV = infectious bronchitis virus, RT-PCR = reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction, S glycoprotein = spike glycoprotein, SPF = specific-pathogen-free
49(4), (1 December 2005) https://doi.org/10.1637/7351-030205R.1
KEYWORDS: RT-PCR/RFLP, chicken, infectious bursal disease, infectious bursal disease virus, VP1, VP2, VP3 genes, BF = bursa of Fabricius, dNTP = deoxyribonucleotide triphosphate, GG = genomic group, IBD = infectious bursal disease, IBDV = infectious bursal disease virus, NBFI = National Center for Biotechnology Information, RFLP = restriction fragment length polymorphism, RE = restriction enzyme, RT-PCR = reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction, TNE = 10mM Tris–HCl [pH 8.0], 100 mM NaCl, 1mM ethylenediaminetetracetic acid, vvIBDV = very virulent infectious bursal disease virus
49(4), (1 December 2005) https://doi.org/10.1637/7377-051105R.1
KEYWORDS: Mycoplasma gallisepticum, Mycoplasma imitans, PdhA, Ldh, EF-Tu, 2D = two dimensional, EF-Tu = elongation factor Tu, HRP = horseradish peroxidase, IEF = isoelectric focusing, IIPA = indirect immunoperoxidase assay, Ldh (Mdh) = lactate (malate) dehydrogenase, MAb = monoclonal antibody, MW = molecular weight (or molecular mass), PdhA = pyruvate dehydrogenase E1, subunit alpha (termed also AcoA), pI = isoelectric point, SDS-PAGE = sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, VlhA = variable lipoprotein hemagglutinin (in M. gallisepticum, previously termed pMGA)
49(4), (1 December 2005) https://doi.org/10.1637/7353-030305R.1
KEYWORDS: turkey astrovirus, molecular characterization, capsid protein gene, phylogenetic analysis, serotypes, aa = amino acid, ANV = avian nephritis virus, BLAST = Basic Local Alignment Search Tool, bp = base pair, FAstV = feline astrovirus, HAstV = human astrovirus, MAstV = mink astrovirus, MW = molecular weights, nt = nucleotides, PAstV = porcine astrovirus, OAstV = ovine astrovirus, ORF = open reading frame, RT-PCR = reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction, SDS-PAGE = sodium dodecyl sulfate–polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, TAstVs = turkey astroviruses
49(4), (1 December 2005) https://doi.org/10.1637/7388-052805R.1
KEYWORDS: emergence, avian metapneumovirus, Turkey, pathogenesis, virulence, aMPV = avian metapneumovirus, CEF = chicken embryo fibroblast, ELISA = enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, GMT = geometric mean titer, H&E = hematoxylin and eosin, hMPV = human metapneumovirus, IHC = immunohistochemistry, ISH = in situ hybridization, PI = postinfection, RT-PCR = reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction
49(4), (1 December 2005) https://doi.org/10.1637/7252-080404R.1
KEYWORDS: Capsaicin, Salmonella, mast cells, broilers, BGA = brilliant green agar, CAP = purified capsaicin, CO = capsaicin oleoresin, CFU = colony forming units, LPS = lipopolysaccharide, L/S = liver/spleen, NA = nalidixic acid, NO = novobiocin, PBS = phosphate-buffered saline, SE = Salmonella, enteritidis, ST = Salmonella, typhimurium, SP = substance P, TNF-α = tumor necrosis factor alpha, TSB = tryptic soy broth, VR1 = vanilloid receptors
49(4), (1 December 2005) https://doi.org/10.1637/7370-042905R.1
KEYWORDS: IBD, IBDV, detection, RT-PCR, multiplex RT-PCR, bp = base pair, BSA = bovine serum albumin, DMSO = dimethyl sulfoxide, dNTP = dinucleotide-triphosphate, DTT = dithiothreitol, EDTA = ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, ELISA = enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, HBSS = Hanks' balanced salt solution, IBD = infectious bursal disease, IBDV = infectious bursal disease virus, MPX = multiplex, ORF = open reading frames, PCR = polymerase chain reaction, p.i. = postinfection, RNA = ribonucleic acid, RT = reverse transcription, SPF = specific pathogen free, VP = virus protein
49(4), (1 December 2005) https://doi.org/10.1637/7380-051305R.1
KEYWORDS: IBV vaccination, broilers, systemic colibacillosis, airsacculitis, cfu = colony forming unit, E. coli = Escherichia coli, EID50 = median embryo infective dose, GLM = generalized linear model, HI = hemagglutination inhibition, IB = infectious bronchitis, IBV = infectious bronchitis virus, i.t. = intratracheal, MDA = maternal derived antibodies, MLS = mean lesion score, PBS = phosphate-buffered saline, SPF = specific-pathogen free, SPF-WL = specific-pathogen-free white leghorn
49(4), (1 December 2005) https://doi.org/10.1637/7381-051605R.1
KEYWORDS: Newcastle disease virus, wild birds, aa = amino acid, APMV1 = avian paramixoviruses type 1, bp = base pair, F = fusion protein, HA = hemagglutination, HI = hemagglutination inhibition, ICPI = intracerebral pathogenicity index, M = matrix protein, MDT = mean death time, NDV = Newcastle disease virus, RT-PCR = reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, SPF = specific-pathogen-free
49(4), (1 December 2005) https://doi.org/10.1637/7375-05040R.1
KEYWORDS: Listeria monocytogenes, turkeys, respiratory infection, turkey osteomyelitis complex, food safety, FAC = ferric ammonium citrate, FSIS = U.S. Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service, H&E = hematoxylin and eosin, PI = postinfection, TOC = turkey osteomyelitis complex, TPB = tryptose phosphate broth
49(4), (1 December 2005) https://doi.org/10.1637/7385-052205R.1
KEYWORDS: allele-specific, PCR, Salmonella Pullorum, Salmonella gallinarum, bp = base pair, LB = Luria Bertani, PCR = polymerase chain reaction, PD = pullorum disease
49(4), (1 December 2005) https://doi.org/10.1637/7365-041205R2.1
KEYWORDS: small interfering RNA, influenza virus, chicken embryo fibroblast cells, MDCK cell line, NP gene, PA gene, bp = base pairs, CEF = chicken embryo fibroblast, CPE = cytopathogenic effects, DEAE = diethylaminoethyl, dsRNA = double-stranded RNA, EGFP = enhanced green fluorescent protein, FBS = fetal bovine serum, HA = hemagglutinin, MDCK = Madin–Darby canine kidney, MEM = minimum essential medium, MOI = multiplicity of infection, NP = nucleoprotein, nt = nucleotide, PBS = phosphate-buffered saline, PFU = plaque-forming units, RNAi = RNA interference, RNP = ribonucleoprotein, shRNA = short hairpin RNA, siRNA = small interfering RNA, VGM = viral growth media
49(4), (1 December 2005) https://doi.org/10.1637/7362-040805R.1
KEYWORDS: Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, erysipelas, laying hens, free range, Dermanyssus gallinae, CFU = colony-forming units, IM = intramuscular, PBS = phosphate-buffered saline, SPF = specific pathogen-free
Research Note
49(4), (1 December 2005) https://doi.org/10.1637/7337-020205R.1
KEYWORDS: Campylobacter jejuni, broiler breeder roosters, feces, semen, ductus deferens, CFU = colony-forming units
49(4), (1 December 2005) https://doi.org/10.1637/7364-041105R.1
KEYWORDS: influenza A virus, H5N1 subtype, pathogenicity, EID = egg infectious dose, HPAI = highly pathogenic avian influenza, IC = in contact, IN = inoculated intranasally, MDT = mean death time in days, MTO = mean time of onset of signs in days, SPF = specific pathogen free
49(4), (1 December 2005) https://doi.org/10.1637/7355-031405R1.1
KEYWORDS: Haemophilus paragallinarum, infectious coryza, bacterins, serovars, protection, CFU = colony forming units, HI = hemagglutination inhibition
49(4), (1 December 2005) https://doi.org/10.1637/7374-050405R.1
KEYWORDS: Avibacterium paragallinarum, disinfectant, Haemophilus paragallinarum, infectious coryza, N-alkyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride, TIMSEN, BHI = brain–heart infusion, CFU = colony-forming units, CLBA = Columbia agar base plus 7%, equine hemolyzed blood; NADH = β-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide hydrate, PI = postinoculation, SPF = specific-pathogen-free
49(4), (1 December 2005) https://doi.org/10.1637/7366-041205R.1
KEYWORDS: Fusarium moniliforme culture material, fumonisin B1, Salmonella gallinarum, liver, pathology, Japanese quail, CFU = colony-forming units, CS = controls inoculated with Salmonella, Gallinarum, CX = quail mash alone (controls), DPF = days post–fumonisin B1, feeding, DPI = days postinfection, ER = endoplasmic reticulum, FB1, = fumonisin B1, FCM = Fusarium moniliforme, culture material, FS = fumonisin B1, and inoculated with Salmonella, FX = fumonisin B1, alone, RER = rough endoplasmic reticulum
49(4), (1 December 2005) https://doi.org/10.1637/7369-041805R.1
KEYWORDS: avipoxvirus, core 4b, wild bird, wildlife, bp = base pairs, DNA = deoxyribonucleic acid, LB-amp = Luria-Bertani media containing 100 μg/ml ampicillin, PCR = polymerase chain reaction, RFLP = restriction fragment length polymorphisms
Case Report
49(4), (1 December 2005) https://doi.org/10.1637/7342-020805R.1
KEYWORDS: ulcerative enteritis, Clostridium colinum, psittacine birds, US = ulcerative enteritis
49(4), (1 December 2005) https://doi.org/10.1637/7383-052005.1
KEYWORDS: turkeys, ceca, Brachyspira pilosicoli, pathology, PCR, bp = base pair, FFPE = formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded, H&E = hematoxylin and eosin, HEV = hemorrhagic enteritis virus, HI = hemagglutination inhibition, IHC = immunohistochemistry, MG = Mycoplasma gallisepticum, MM = Mycoplasma meleagridis, MS = Mycoplasma synoviae, PCR = polymerase chain reaction, SEM = scanning electron microscope, TEM = transmission electron microscope, WSS = Warthin–Starry silver
49(4), (1 December 2005) https://doi.org/10.1637/7389-052905R.1
KEYWORDS: IBV, molecular typing, RT-PCR, RFLP, incidence, distribution, variant, disease outbreaks, emerging strains, Ark = Arkansas, Ark-DPI = Arkansas-Delmarva Poultry Industry, CAL99 = California 99, CAV = California variant, Conn = Connecticut, DE072 = Delaware 072, GA98 = Georgia 98, GAV = Georgia variant, IBV = infectious bronchitis virus, Mass = Massachusetts, MX = Mexican, NE95 = Nebraska 95, PDRC = Poultry Diagnostic and Research Center, RFLP = restriction fragment length polymorphism, RT-PCR = reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, SARS-CoV = severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus
No abstract available
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