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28 September 2019 Abundance of Aerially-Dispersing Spiders Declines with Increasing Road Traffic
Amanda E. Martin, E. Pervin, S. L. Graham, M. Henry, L. Fahrig
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Abstract

Roads and traffic have been implicated in population declines in a number of taxonomic groups. However, there is little research into the potential effects of roads or traffic on spiders. Here, we tested the prediction that there would be fewer aerially-dispersing (i.e., ballooning) spiders at high-traffic than low-traffic roads. We used custom-made sticky traps attached to a vehicle to collect ballooning spiders along 10 high-traffic–low-traffic rural road pairs in southeastern Ontario, Canada. We collected half as many spiders at high-traffic than low-traffic roads. This provides the first published evidence of negative traffic effects on ballooning spiders. Although consistent with our prediction that ballooning spiders are less abundant at high-traffic roads, there are several possible explanations for this finding. Further study is needed to investigate these explanations, including whether the observed traffic effect reflects reduced population sizes near high-traffic roads or reduced ballooning behaviour near high-traffic roads. If the former, then roads may represent a significant conservation concern for ballooning spider species.

2019 Université Laval
Amanda E. Martin, E. Pervin, S. L. Graham, M. Henry, and L. Fahrig "Abundance of Aerially-Dispersing Spiders Declines with Increasing Road Traffic," Ecoscience 26(4), 383-388, (28 September 2019). https://doi.org/10.1080/11956860.2019.1629060
Received: 29 May 2019; Accepted: 1 June 2019; Published: 28 September 2019
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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KEYWORDS
Ballooning
road ecology
road kill
traffic intensity
traffic volume
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