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13 June 2020 Seasonal Population Dynamics of Potato Psyllid (Hemiptera: Triozidae) in the Columbia River Basin
Abigail L. Cohen, Carrie H. Wohleb, Silvia I. Rondon, Kylie D. Swisher Grimm, Isabel Cueva, Joseph E. Munyaneza, Vincent P. Jones, David W. Crowder
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Abstract

Understanding factors that affect the population dynamics of insect pest species is key for developing integrated pest management strategies in agroecosystems. Most insect pest populations are strongly regulated by abiotic factors such as temperature and precipitation, and assessing relationships between abiotic conditions and pest dynamics can aid decision-making. However, many pests are also managed with insecticides, which can confound relationships between abiotic factors and pest dynamics. Here we used data from a regional monitoring network in the Pacific Northwest United States to explore effects of abiotic factors on populations of an intensively managed potato pest, the potato psyllid (Bactericera cockerelli Šulc), which can vector Candidatus Liberibacter psyllaurus, a bacterial pathogen of potatoes. We assessed effects of temperature on psyllid populations, and show psyllid population growth followed predictable patterns within each year, but there was considerable variation across years in psyllid abundance. Examination of seasonal weather patterns suggested that in 2017, when psyllid populations were less abundant by several orders of magnitude than other years, a particularly long and cold period of winter weather may have harmed overwintering populations and limited population growth. The rate of degree-day accumulation over time, as well as total degree-day accumulation also affected trap catch abundance, likely by mediating the number of psyllid generations per season. Our findings indicate that growers can reliably infer the potential magnitude of risk from potato psyllids using monitoring data, date of first detection, seasonal weather patterns, and population size early in the growing season.

© The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
Abigail L. Cohen, Carrie H. Wohleb, Silvia I. Rondon, Kylie D. Swisher Grimm, Isabel Cueva, Joseph E. Munyaneza, Vincent P. Jones, and David W. Crowder "Seasonal Population Dynamics of Potato Psyllid (Hemiptera: Triozidae) in the Columbia River Basin," Environmental Entomology 49(4), 974-982, (13 June 2020). https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvaa068
Received: 23 January 2020; Accepted: 7 May 2020; Published: 13 June 2020
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KEYWORDS
decision support
integrated pest management
phenology
polyphagous pests
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