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The sid-1 (systemic interference defective) gene encodes a transmembrane protein that is an important participator in the systemic RNAi pathway and has been reported in several organisms. In insects, sid-1-like genes were described from Tribolium castaneum, Apis mellifera, Bombyx mori and Schistocerca americana, but were not found in Drosophila melanogaster and Anopheles gambiae. To investigate whether this gene occurs in aphid species, RT-PCRs were performed using degenerate primers designed using the conserved motif of sid-1-like genes. An sid-1-like full-length transcript was amplified from the cotton/melon aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover (Homopera: Aphididae), and a fragment was amplified from the grain aphid, Sitobion avenae (F.). The trancript from A. gossypii was 3067 bp long, with an open reading frame encoding 766 amino acids. Sequence analysis indicated that this transcript shares highest similarity with the reported sid-1-like gene in Schistocerca americana (53%, fragment), followed by A. mellifera (44%), T. castaneum (32–44%), B. mori (38–42%) and Caenorhabditis elegans (25%). Analysis of the transmembrane protein topological structure indicated that the protein encoded by this gene has a similar structure to SID-1 of C. elegans. A phylogenetic tree with all available sid-1-like genes suggests that sid-1-like genes may have had a long evolutionary history. Considering its importance in the RNAi pathway, the absence of a sid-1-like gene in D. melanogaster and A. gambiae is worthy of further investigation.