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15 October 2020 Paddlefish and Sturgeon (Chondrostei: Acipenseriformes: Polyodontidae and Acipenseridae) from Lower Paleocene Deposits of Montana, U.S.A.
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Abstract

Paleocene deposits of the Tullock Member of the Fort Union Formation, Montana, U.S.A., have yielded several new specimens of †Polyodon tuberculata, a taxon previously described from the formation, as well as a new genus and species of sturgeon (Acipenseridae). The three new specimens of †P. tuberculata allow us to revise and to confirm previously reported features of the holotype, as well as to describe other features that were not preserved in the single specimen previously known. For example, we observe that (1) the left and right posttemporals overlie the left and right parietals to meet in the midline, (2) the posttemporal has a deep ventral flange, and (3) the parasphenoid extends farther posteriorly than the parietals. The new sturgeon is fairly small, and not well preserved. It can be distinguished from all other acipenserids by a combination of features, including kite-shaped dorsal scutes bearing a strong median ridge, lateral scutes that vary in shape from rhomboid to irregularly shaped elements, a large triangular scute behind the anal fin, and numerous small rhomboid scales covering the caudal skeleton. It cannot be included in any currently known genus and is here named †Engdahlichthys milviaegis, gen. et sp. nov.

© by the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology
Alison M. Murray, Donald B. Brinkman, David G. Demar Jr, and Gregory P. Wilson "Paddlefish and Sturgeon (Chondrostei: Acipenseriformes: Polyodontidae and Acipenseridae) from Lower Paleocene Deposits of Montana, U.S.A.," Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 40(2), (15 October 2020). https://doi.org/10.1080/02724634.2020.1775091
Received: 20 February 2020; Accepted: 8 May 2020; Published: 15 October 2020
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