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1 January 2009 Using a Grower Survey to Assess The Benefits and Challenges of Glyphosate-Resistant Cropping Systems for Weed Management in U.S. Corn, Cotton, and Soybean
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Abstract

Over 175 growers in each of six states (Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Mississippi, Nebraska, and North Carolina) were surveyed by telephone to assess their perceptions of the benefits of utilizing the glyphosate-resistant (GR) crop trait in corn, cotton, and soybean. The survey was also used to determine the weed management challenges growers were facing after using this trait for a minimum of 4 yr. This survey allowed the development of baseline information on how weed management and crop production practices have changed since the introduction of the trait. It provided useful information on common weed management issues that should be addressed through applied research and extension efforts. The survey also allowed an assessment of the perceived levels of concern among growers about glyphosate resistance in weeds and whether they believed they had experienced glyphosate resistance on their farms. Across the six states surveyed, producers reported 38, 97, and 96% of their corn, cotton, and soybean hectarage planted in a GR cultivar. The most widely adopted GR cropping system was a GR soybean/non-GR crop rotation system; second most common was a GR soybean/GR corn crop rotation system. The non-GR crop component varied widely, with the most common crops being non-GR corn or rice. A large range in farm size for the respondents was observed, with North Carolina having the smallest farms in all three crops. A large majority of corn and soybean growers reported using some type of crop rotation system, whereas very few cotton growers rotated out of cotton. Overall, rotations were much more common in Midwestern states than in Southern states. This is important information as weed scientists assist growers in developing and using best management practices to minimize the development of glyphosate resistance.

Nomenclature: Glyphosate; corn, Zea mays L.; cotton, Gossipium hirsutum L.; rice, Oryza sativa L.; soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr

David R. Shaw, Wade A. Givens, Luke A. Farno, Patrick D. Gerard, David Jordan, William G. Johnson, Stephen C. Weller, Bryan G. Young, Robert G. Wilson, and Michael D. K. Owen "Using a Grower Survey to Assess The Benefits and Challenges of Glyphosate-Resistant Cropping Systems for Weed Management in U.S. Corn, Cotton, and Soybean," Weed Technology 23(1), 134-149, (1 January 2009). https://doi.org/10.1614/WT-08-042.1
Received: 5 March 2008; Accepted: 1 August 2008; Published: 1 January 2009
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