Salvatore Pasta, Nicola M. G. Ardenghi, Emilio Badalamenti, Tommaso La Mantia, Salvatore Livreri Console, Gilberto Parolo
Willdenowia 47 (2), 135-144, (13 July 2017) https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.47.47205
KEYWORDS: Mediterranean islands, risk assessment, vegetation ecology, Landscape planning, Agroecosystems, black lists, Agave attenuata, Boerhavia coccinea, Campsis radicans, Hylocereus undatus, Plumbago auriculata, Portulaca grandiflora, Portulacaria afra
This paper provides an up-to-date overview of the naturalized alien plants of Linosa (Pelagie Archipelago, Sicily), which includes 83 taxa and accounts for 29 % of the total island's flora. Among these plants, 6 are invasive, 49 are naturalized and 28 are casual. With respect to previous available data, our field investigations resulted in the addition of 31 new xenophytes (21 casual and 10 fully naturalized). One of these species is new to the whole European territory (Kleinia anteuphorbia), 6 of them are new to Sicily and 11 are recorded for the first time on circum-Sicilian islets. For each alien plant, we indicate the habitat where the naturalization has been observed by using the codes proposed by Natura 2000 and Corine Biotopes habitat classification. We also provide a list of 159 alien plants that are cultivated in Linosa, but currently not naturalized, in order to underline the key role played by horticulture and gardening in the introduction of exotic species. In order to address this phenomenon and its huge impact on the integrity of both the natural and the traditional rural landscape, several actions are proposed that aim at preventing, controlling and monitoring both the ongoing and the potential invasion processes.
Version of record first published online on 13 July 2017 ahead of inclusion in August 2017 issue.