The effects of self-generated wind on the compensational recovery of escape direction were investigated in unilaterally cercus-ablated crickets, Gryllus bimaculatus. To separate walking and self-generated wind during walking, unilaterally cercus-ablated crickets were placed on a styrofoam ball that was easily rotated by leg motion during walking. The stationary walking on the ball did not produce self-generated wind, because no body motion occurred. Crickets that were trained on the ball but given no artificial air puff for 14 days after cercal ablation did not show any compensational recovery of escape direction. Therefore, spontaneous walking itself was not sufficient to compensate the wind-evoked escape direction in the crickets. Artificial air puffs from the anterior direction synchronized with the stationary walking were effective for the compensational recovery of escape direction, but those from the posterior direction were not. As most of the spontaneous walking was directed to the forward direction, only an artificial air puff from the anterior direction coincided well with actual self-generated wind occurring during the onset of normal walking. Therefore, self-generated wind during walking seems essential for the compensational recovery of escape direction in unilaterally cercus-ablated crickets. When artificial air puffs were unsynchronized with walking, no compensational recovery was observed. This result suggests that artificial air puffs should be given just after the onset of spontaneous walking. Otherwise, the artificial air puffs may not be recognized as self-generated wind.
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