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1 December 2012 The Milky Way: The implications of using animal milk products in infant feeding
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Animal milks have been used in infant feeding for at least a few millennia, but this can only have become a common practice after the domestication of dairy animals during the Neolithic. Neolithic population increase has often been attributed to the effect of a reduction in breastfeeding duration on female fertility. It is possible, therefore, that animal milks were first introduced to the infant diet at this time as a replacement for the lost breastmilk. Milks are complex liquids and are species specific. The consumption of the milk of one species by the infants of another thus has implications for the welfare of those infants. This paper reviews some of the differences between the milks of three ruminant species and human milk and discusses what the health consequences of introducing these animal milks to the infant diet are likely to have been. It is argued that, except in extreme circumstances, animal milks would fail to adequately compensate for the reduction in breastmilk consumption. Fermented milk products could however have been valuable weaning foods if consumed alongside other iron-rich products.

© Publications Scientifiques du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
Rachel Howcroft, Gunilla Eriksson, and Kerstin Lidén "The Milky Way: The implications of using animal milk products in infant feeding," Anthropozoologica 47(2), 31-43, (1 December 2012).
Received: 14 March 2011; Accepted: 1 April 2012; Published: 1 December 2012

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